hazy past focuses with the fwar of Kalinga in which the people of
Kalinga come into head on consion with Ashoka, the powerful mouryan
emperor from Magadha. A hundred thousand were killed, another
hundred and fifty thousand are taken captives while an equal number
die as an a ftermath of the war. The bloody carnage leave Ashoka
with such a better teste in his mouth that he turns his back on
violence forever and embrace the Budhism faith of peace and
compassion. Budhism spreads under his patronage and becomes the
dies. The Mauryan empire lasts upto 185 BC.
Huen tsang vists
Mohan was born in a poor family of Mallikashpur in
Balasore town on 13th Jan 1843. he had lost his
and mother) parents during his childhood. Later he was
nourished and educated by his grand mother . He
started his schooling from his village school. Due to
poverty he started teaching on a salary of Rs 2.50 per
Day by day he became active and popular all
over. He was appointed as a Headmaster of a big school
on a salary of Rs 10 per month.
At that time ,there was not a single Oriya printed
book except scripts on palm leaves and ancient
mythology which were not available to all students. As
a result the students were reading either Parsi or
Bnegali which disheartened Fakir Mohan very much.
Hence, he started writing 2 to 3 oriya small books for
the importance of oriya language which was appreciated
During the period eminent poet Radhanath Roy was a
teacher in Balasore Zilla school. Fakir Mohan
consituted a "Sahitya Sabha" with Radhanath Roy ,
which discussed about the necessity of writing more
oriya books and to publish it.
At that time there was no printing press in
Balasore. Motivating some rich persons , Fakir
Mohan established a printing press and published one
monthly magazine named "Bodhdayini" or "Balasore
Sambad Bahini" of whom he was the editor. The first
history book in oriya was written by Fakir Mohan and
received award of Rs 1000 /- from British Government.
On the advice of Beam Saheb (Balasore Magistrate)
Fakir Mohan quitted his school service and became the
Dewan of Niligiri. He was then transferred to Dompada
as Manager from Niligiri. After wards he shouldered
the responsibillity of Gadjat administration of
Dhenkanal, Dasapada and Keonjhar.
During imprisonment he wrote some of his great
novels and poems like:- Mamu,Lachama, Cha mann
aotho Gunth, Rebati etc.